Antonio Smith
Synthesis of CBD in plants:
 
Cannabis cultivars range from those grown to produce cannabis for recreational purposes to those produced in order to use hemp fibre derived from the stems of the plant. In cultivars utilized for recreational purposes, the quantity of THC exceeds that of CBD in the dried female inflorescences used for smoking and oral administration. Hemp cultivars produce substantially less THC and higher levels of CBD. [10] Unsanctioned production of cannabis cultivars with high CBD levels does occur for purposes of medical treatment rather than recreational use (refer to Section 13).
 
In plants, THC and CBD are derived from their acidic precursors Δ9- tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) (refer to Figure 2).  THCA and CBDA are both derived from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA).  The final step differs, with THCA synthase and CBDA synthase producing THCA or CBDA, respectively, from CBGA. Subsequent decarboxylation of THCA and CBDA via light exposure, heating, or aging, results in THC or CBD. [10-12]
0 0
Antonio Smith

Biogenesis of THC and CBD adapted from Taura et al. (2007) THCA synthase and CBDA synthase catalyze oxidative cyclization of the monoterpene moiety of CBGA to form THCA and CBDA, respectively. THC and CBD are generated from THCA and CBDA by non‐enzymatic decarboxylation



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decarboxylation

0 0
Antonio Smith
genetics and environments are assumed to play contributing roles in these acids.
0 0